DIY handwash & bodywash

Perhaps it’s because I first started making natural skincare products about 8 years ago, or maybe I just run out of cosmetic products earlier but I’ve definitely made more progress switching my skincare over to natural products than household cleaning products.

So far, we are now using homemade handwash, bodywash, deodorant and toothpaste.

I did, once upon a time, also make my own cleanser, toner, moisturiser and lip balm but these take considerably longer and many of the recipes I’ve used in the past (particularly for toner) need to be kept in the fridge. So it’s going to take me a little longer to switch over to those.

So today I’d like to share recipes I’ve used for hand wash and body wash, and a couple of tips for using them.

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Recipe #1: Handwash

1/2 cup castile soap

1/2 cup filtered or distilled water

1 tbsp vitamin E oil (optional but highly recommended for its antioxidant [=anti-ageing] & moisturising properties)

1 tbsp sweet almond or jojoba oil (in a pinch, or if you’re just getting started, you can use olive oil but make sure it’s extra virgin and high quality)

15 drops tea tree essential oil

5-10 drops lavender essential oil


Combine all ingredients in a foaming pump bottle. It’s important that you do get one of these (I bought mine from Biome eco stores) because the soap is very liquid, When you use a foaming pump bottle, it does the work for you, so the soap comes out in a nice little white fluffy foamy puff on your hand. This has a few beneficial consequences: it has a much soapier texture than the liquid on its own, you get a better lather, and you use less of the product.


You’ll probably need a funnel to get the ingredients into the bottle easily. Add the water first so it doesn’t froth up.


The essential oils aren’t just for smell. Tea tree and lavender both have antiseptic properties.


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Recipe #2: Body wash

 In reality, you could use exactly the same recipe as the handwash (with the option of switching out some of the essential oils for your favourites) but I made the below recipe as a gentle baby wash and shampoo, and I really like this as a body wash. It’s pretty similar!


1 1/2 cups castile soap

4 tbsp vegetable glycerine (this is important as I’ve recently learned glycerine can be made from animal fat)

2 tsp almond oil or jojoba oil

1 tsp aloe vera juice (optional: aloe is a great ingredient for sensitive skin)

10 drops of an appropriate essential oil (if making for a baby be sure to check which ones are safe to use and which age you should use them from)

2 tbsp filtered or distilled water.


Again, combine all ingredients as for the hand wash in a self-foaming bottle, adding the water first. Shake to combine, and give it a little shake before use.


A note on costs:

Most of these ingredients can be bought from healthfood shops but they tend to be fairly expensive. If you are planning to make several things yourself, I recommend you list everything you will need and buy them online from an Australian provider (e.g. Biome) as most ingredients will be cheaper online.

However, the initial cost can still be expensive, particularly if there are lots of different essential oils you need, as some of these can cost upwards of $20 a bottle.

At a guess, the ingredients for the hand wash would cost about $60… but you will have enough ingredients to make many, many batches. And the castile soap, which you’ll run out of the fastest, is reasonably cheap to buy.

Prior to making my own handwash, I would buy Thank You brand hand wash, which costs $7.50 a bottle. Except for the castile soap, each of the ingredients will easily make more than 10 bottles of hand wash that lasts about as long as a Thank You bottle.

So, without doing any calculations whatsoever (sorry!) I would guess that you end up spending about the same amount of money. But, the more products you make at home, the more you save, because you can use your essential oils across multiple products.


A final note: essential oils have a surprisingly short useby date. Usually a couple of years. If you don’t use them within that date, suppliers recommend you throw them out. Personally, I don’t. I keep them and keep using them and have found no problems arising. I think the point is they aren’t going to do any harm (that I know of) but they just lose some of their aromatherapeutic (is that a word? It should be!) properties, or, I think, some become stronger. I certainly wouldn’t recommend using any expired oils in toothpaste, lip balms or face products, and definitely not for anything you might use on a baby. But for your run of the mill hand wash or body wash, I don’t see why it would be a problem.


Let me know if you decide to give one or both of these recipes a go!


Live better.




Using cloth nappies and wipes

One of the first things I encountered when I first became concerned about landfill was an infographic that showed how long various items take to breakdown in landfill. Disposable nappies were listed at 500 years, so obviously, before even becoming pregnant I had already decided to use cloth nappies.

While pregnant, I ordered various ‘trial’ packs from a range of Australian cloth nappy companies, as well as a pack of disposable nappies (as environmentally sound as I could find but unfortunately there are no truly biodegradable disposable nappies available in mainland Australia) so that I could try out a few different types and make a choice shortly after our baby was born. If you decide to do cloth nappies, I definitely recommend you try a few types before you buy a whole set (though this poses problems if you want to avoid disposables altogether).

There are heaps of guides to the various types of cloth nappy online so I won’t repeat information you can easily find yourself. What I will do, however, is give you a breakdown of how this has worked for me as a first-time mum.

Firstly, it is really lucky that I bought some trial packs and didn’t just go blind and choose what looked the best online. Not only because the one I was least convinced by online ended up being the one I bought 22 more of, but also because two of the nappies I bought were too small to fit my son even from birth. (Yes, he was quite big, apparently, but not ridiculous!)

In the hazy first week after birth, I allowed myself to be convinced to use mainly disposables to make it easier for myself and for my husband… I was shocked – after 3+ years of only one tiny bag of landfill going out in an average week, we had suddenly added a (small) bag of nappies a day to that. Disgusting. Fortunately (or unfortunately) we ran out so much quicker than I thought we would, so we had to start using the trial cloth nappies I had bought after 3 days.

Please remember at this point that disposable nappies take about 500 years to break down.

Now for the honest assessment of how much extra hassle using cloth nappies is.

Yep. In comparison with disposable nappies, it is a fair bit more work. I pre-wash the really soiled nappies and cloth wipes by hand with a probiotic soap that I bought to clean my cloth pads with, which takes about 15 minutes, depending on how many there are, then I wash them in the machine according to the instructions from the manufacturer, which in my case are to do a hot pre-wash without detergent (on my machine I do 20 mins at 40 degrees), followed by a main cold wash with detergent (to which I add any other laundry).

It takes me about 10 minutes to hang out the washing. So this probably adds about 30 minutes of active work to my day, in total (not including the wait time for the machine’s cycles, obviously).

Half an hour per day, to me, is a small price to pay for the knowledge that I am not contributing hundreds of nappies a year to landfill.

And if you are thinking something like, ‘But… Eww! It must be disgusting washing those pooey nappies,’ then my response is yes. And no. To me, it’s no more disgusting than letting pooey nappies sit in a bin and start stinking.

Finally, having just come away from a fortnight using exclusively disposables (I hated doing it, but the rotavirus vaccine can shed live virus into the poo so I made a choice that weighed up a whole bunch of factors including how difficult I perceived it to be to sterilise the nappy covers appropriately when they are supposed to be washed in cold water), I can say another big difference is the number of changes needed. Honestly, I wish I didn’t care so much about the waste, because the type of nappy I chose (towelling) stays wet against the skin so I go through more cloth nappies in a day than I did disposables.

There is of course another factor that deserves discussion: cost.

Most cloth nappy manufacturers will tell you that using cloth nappies will save you hundreds of dollars a year.

I did the maths, and this is not strictly accurate. Of course, it depends on the brand of disposables you are using as your comparison, as well as the type of cloth nappy, how many you buy, and how long your baby fits into them.

If you go for the one size fits most nappies and just deal with a couple of months of a really big nappy on a really small baby, then cloth nappies will work out way cheaper than disposables.

However, if, like me, you preferred a newborn size nappy, then you will need to fork out for 2 sets of nappies. I compared the cost of a supposed ‘eco’ disposable brand with a full set (24) of newborn sized cloth nappies, which apparently last until 4 months odd (8kg). If getting 3-4 months out of those nappies, they work out about the same or a little cheaper than ‘eco’ disposables.

If cost is a factor that contributes to your decision between cloth and disposable nappies, do the maths yourself by comparing which brand of disposables you would buy against the cloth nappies you would use.

I would also like to point out that the commercial nappies (Huggies etc) are filled with things that I don’t particularly want on my baby’s skin… but, again, there is heaps of information online that you can read.

Check out what Hello Charlie has to say on disposable nappies for a starting point if you want to do your own research.

At this point, here are my two cents on the type of cloth nappy you might want to consider buying, having now myself bought the nappies that will see us through to toilet training. If I were doing it again, I would skip the newborn-sized nappies, because depending on how quickly your child grows, you may only get a couple of months’ wear out of them, and spending $300-odd on nappies for 2 months works out considerably more expensive than disposables. Unfortunately, at 9 weeks, my son is already pushing the size that I consider a good fit on those nappies, and a newborn sized all-in-one would have stopped fitting him weeks ago.

I honestly don’t think it’s worth getting a ‘newborn’ size nappy (unless you have a premmie perhaps), because they will grow to fit the ‘one size fits most’ nappies perfectly within a month or so and they are quite adjustable to work (albeit a little awkwardly) from birth for most babies.

Personally, having now tried ‘fitted’, ‘all in one/all in two’ and ‘pocket’ style cloth nappies, I prefer the pocket. The absorbent pad sits inside a pocket in the nappy cover and the fleece inside the nappy cover sits against the baby’s skin. When wet, the moisture wicks through into the absorbent layer much like a disposable, leaving far less moisture on the baby’s skin than a ‘fitted’ style. The ‘all in one/all in two’ styles are somewhat in between in terms of dryness, but they take so long to dry that they would be a considerable hassle during the winter months.

Having researched the cost of multiple nappy options, and with my preference for the pocket style nappy, I decided to get a full set of Hippybottomus nappies and I love them!

Now, I have to admit, I’m not getting away with completely waste-free nappy changes. Yet.

We have opted to use the biodegradable disposable bamboo liners to catch most of the solid poo (let’s be honest, you’ll never catch it all even if you duct tape your baby from the waist down). While in theory this could then be composted, you are not allowed to put human excrement in your local council’s green bin, which means you would have to compost it yourself.

While there are safe ways to do this to ensure the poo won’t transmit any viruses or parasites to you or your family, it is not a particularly easy or cheap task. I have compromised on the ‘zero-waste’ nappy change and ended up with a ‘minimal-waste’ nappy change. I use a homemade newspaper bin liner because the contents are entirely biodegradable and send this to landfill. If I didn’t have a dog, I would probably feel comfortable burying my newspaper and poopy liners in the back of the garden.

My change station

If you want a truly zero-waste nappy change, the only feasible way to do it (in my opinion) is to use entirely washable nappies, wipes and liners.

Now, onto the wipes. Using cloth wipes is easy, as you just wash them with the nappies. They can be quite expensive to buy but if you have even basic sewing skills and a sewing machine you can make your own really easily.

Hemmed handkerchief-sized squares of flannelette work exceptionally well and dry fast. My wonderfully crafty mum made me some wipes that have muslin on one side and flannelette on the other, and these don’t seem to become quite as stiff when they dry. However, as you need to wet the wipes anyway, the stiffness is a non-issue.

What to use to wet them with? Plain water. When he has a particularly pooey nappy, I use a homemade wipe solution containing water, apple cider vinegar, castile soap and chamomile and lavender essential oils and then wipe over the area again with water so the solution doesn’t stay on his skin.


Wipes, nappies and all the trimmings!

I have a squeezy tomato sauce bottle full of water on the nappy change table to make it easy for myself, and two bins next to the change-table. One lined with newspaper for my nappy liners, and one for the cloth nappies and wipes. These cloth wipes wet just with water do not irritate my son’s skin like the commercial wet wipes do. (I can’t wait until my Aloe Vera plant is big enough to start picking the leaves to wipe on his skin instead of nappy rash cream, but in the meantime Gaia brand is my favourite so far).

Three-way sort for nappy changes (left to right): soiled clothing for normal wash, waste for landfill, nappies to be washed.

Overall, while it may seem like significantly more work to use cloth nappies and wipes, I found I got into the swing of it very quickly. The one major difference this makes is that washing the nappies and hanging them out is a non-negotiable task that I must get done every morning – I have to do this first thing when I get up after my son’s first morning feed. If he’s unhappy, I put him in my baby carrier and bop around and sing to him while I wash the nappies. He can have my full attention as soon as I press the start button on the machine!

So, the take away from this post is that I wholeheartedly recommend cloth nappies and wipes. It needn’t be any more expensive than using disposables, adds maybe a half-hour to your day, and clearly makes a HUGE difference to your contribution to landfill.

One more thing: If you think you’ll use cloth nappies and not disposables, and if you’re happy to plunge into a full set of a particular type based on your research or someone’s recommendation, I recommend trying to use them straight away and avoid using disposables even for the first week, if possible. I really don’t think it makes that much difference and it’s probably better not to get used to the speed of a nappy change with disposables if you’re going cloth later.

This is, in my opinion, a fairly small step towards living more sustainably, but drastically reduces your potential landfill waste.

Live better!

Reducing waste without compromising oral hygiene

It may be a controversial topic, but in this post I am going to explore ditching toothpaste and commercial toothbrushes and tooth floss.

It’s all things oral hygiene, and I think you may be surprised by some of my recommendations.

Firstly, and perhaps least controversially, is to share with you how easy it was to switch from plastic-handled to bamboo-handled toothbrushes.

I signed myself and my husband up with toothcrush, and we receive 2 bamboo-handled toothbrushes every 2 months. Since we don’t tend to replace our brushes quite that frequently, we will be able to stockpile them and delay re-subscription for next year to save a little money. However, it’s a fairly cheap service. We are paying under $50 for the year, which works out to 12 toothbrushes. Roughly $4.15 per toothbrush.

While pregnant I told my dentist that the mint toothpaste was making me feel really ill. His response was to brush with just water, and said the action of brushing is more important than using toothpaste. This has given me the confidence to ditch commercial toothpastes altogether in favour of a homemade product, which I can’t really call a ‘paste’. I used the recipe available on Biome Eco Store’s website, (with the addition of cinnamon essential oil for taste) and, while it’s slightly more effort to get the product onto the brush and then into the mouth, the relief at no longer using toothpaste tubes (not to mention the questionable ingredients in them) seems worth it.

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It doesn’t taste like much while brushing (personally I don’t find it bad at all, as the strongest flavours are salt – from the bicarb – and coconut) but when you rinse your mouth out with water you can taste the essential oils and stevia and personally I think it’s much tastier than bought toothpaste. The texture is what takes getting used to. You can feel the slight grittiness cleaning your teeth, but other than that it sort of feels like brushing with water. And it doesn’t foam up like a commercial toothpaste (but think of what they put in there to make it do so!), so if you have what I am beginning to realise is a fairly common quirk and can’t feel clean without a lather, this may not be for you.

Noosa Basics makes a charcoal and candelilla wax tooth floss, which works just as well as the commercial brands, but has the added bonus of being completely compostable. It also comes in a cardboard box – the only part of the packaging that proves slightly difficult to recycle is the metal cutter, but as per a previous post, you can put this in a tin with your metal bottle lids and recycle in your council’s recycling bin.

Okay, so most people’s oral hygiene routine probably ends there. I haven’t yet explored mouth wash, though a quick online search has yielded multiple options for a simple homemade variety (remember that commercial brands use alcohol which can contribute to mouth and throat cancer – though I would never dream of convincing you to give up drinking alcohol so maybe the amount in mouthwash is negligible when compared with my wine consumption). But I do think it’s worth sharing one last product with you, that could replace mouth wash. It’s called a tongue scraper, and no, it’s not painful or particularly gross.

Although I haven’t yet used mine enough to see whether it makes a difference, the reviews I’ve seen online indicate that it is helpful not only in mitigating bad breath but also in preventing sickness. If I manage to find the time while looking after my 2-month-old I will use it more regularly over winter and repost to tell you my personal opinion on its efficacy.

So there you have it! A complete introduction to reducing waste and unwanted chemicals when it comes to oral hygiene.

Live better.

DIY Household cleaning step 1: the toilet

In keeping with my ‘step by step’ approach, and trying to minimise unnecessary waste, I decided to continue using any commercial products I had and to replace them one by one as they ran out. By chance, the first thing I ran out of was toilet cleaner.

There seem to be a few ideas floating around on the internet about how to clean a toilet with non-toxic DIY ingredients but they all seem to come back to good old vinegar and bicarbonate of soda.

Does anyone else have fond memories of watching or helping your parents unblock drains with vinegar and bicarb as a child? Or was your experience just the volcano science project?

Anyway, this method is slightly different and much less dramatic (sorry), but surprisingly effective.

As you may expect, you need to do a little more scrubbing (nothing beats elbow grease) than when using a heavy-duty commercial product. But, think about what you are using to clean your toilet currently (unless you’re already ahead of me) and where that goes once you flush it away.

So, it’s pretty simple. You will need the following:

  • White vinegar
  • Tea tree essential oil
  • Bicarbonate soda
  • Spray bottle
  • Shaker jar
  • Rice (maybe)

Actually the hardest part about this was sourcing a shaker jar with holes in the lid so I could sprinkle the bicarb easily. I wanted something that would have a cap over the top to stop moisture getting in, but as I couldn’t find one easily I decided to put some dry rice in with the bicarb to hopefully stop it from clumping. A couple of weeks later and it’s still good so maybe it worked.

Fill the spray bottle with white vinegar and add a good 10-20 drops of tea tree essential oil.

To clean the toilet, spray the inside of the bowl with the vinegar/tea tree solution and leave it to sit there for about 5 minutes. Then, sprinkle the bicarb over the top (if you listen carefully you can hear a very slight fizzing sound, which is far from the frothy excitement of those childhood experiences but nonetheless satisfying) and use your toilet brush to scrub straight away.

That reminds me, I haven’t thought of a plastic-free alternative to toilet brushes yet… well, one step at a time!

Now, this worked really well for me for the usual week-to-week stains on the toilet bowl. However, one of our toilets had a longer-term stain from the water itself and I wasn’t able to remove it using this method. So in a future post when I have got around to trying out another more intensive cleaner, I will let you know how I go. In the meantime, enjoy pictures of my toilet. I thought it would be worth showing the before and after. Not perfect, but I thought there was more of a sparkle to it afterwards.

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Before (left) and after (right).

You can also use the vinegar solution to clean the seat and other parts of the toilet rather than using any other spray cleaner.

There you have it. My first home-made household cleaning product. Pretty easy, right?

So, when your toilet cleaner runs out, instead of adding another bottle of it to the shopping list, why not give this method a go instead? It even comes with a built-in 5 minutes of rest while you are waiting for the vinegar to do its thing!

One less toxic product down the drain is one more step towards a more ethical lifestyle.

Live better.

Recycling 101: It’s time to sweat the small stuff

In Adelaide, everyone knows that the large items like cardboard boxes and soft drink bottles and tins can be recycled in their household recycling wheelie bin (except for a housemate I once had who came from a country where apparently there is no such thing as recycling), but many of you may not yet be recycling your containers’ lids appropriately.

I think most people know that you shouldn’t leave the bottle tops on the bottles, as they fly off in the recycling process when the bottles are squashed and can cause damage. Nor should they be put loose into the wheelie bin, as they are too small to be collected and recycled. I have to admit though, I was guilty of just chucking in the lids loose for a couple of years before I knew about this.

So, this may mean that many of you are still disposing of your lids into the landfill bin. But did you realise it’s actually very easy to recycle plastic or metal lids?

The simple rule is to put like inside like.

Metal jar lids, beer or wine bottle tops and the tops of canned foods can be put inside a metal tin and then placed in your recycling. Admittedly, this does require a tin that has a sealable lid, such as a milo, instant coffee or milk powder tin.

Plastic lids go inside plastic. Recycle right’s website requests that they go inside a plastic bottle, such as a milk bottle or juice bottle. Then you keep the original lid and seal all the other plastic inside. While they prefer this method, I emailed them to ask whether it was also acceptable to use plastic takeaway containers and they said as long as the lid is secure that’s also fine. So when you have plastic lids too big to fit into the bottle, you can put them in a container instead.

You can also recycle other small pieces of plastic in the same way, such as bread tags and straws, which is probably the next big war we need to wage after plastic bags.

We keep containers for small plastics and small metals in the laundry cupboard. It takes just as much time for me to put these lids into the appropriate container as it would to put them in the bin because I have to go to the laundry for our bin anyway. If you are lucky enough to have space in your kitchen cupboard for a bin, you might be able to store your containers next to or above it.

Happy recycling!

One for the ladies: zero waste menstruation

To be fair, I probably have never had an entirely waste-free period, but only because of my need for chocolate! This post is for those of us with a menstrual cycle… or anyone else with a particular interest in learning more about women’s hygiene. A warning to the men who intend to read this. Please don’t continue reading if you can’t handle a frank discussion on uterine walls being shed and coming out of the vagina in the form of blood.

I’m going to skip the preamble today, aside from acknowledging that periods can be very messy. Especially when they come unexpectedly. Or when you are unprepared. Or when you have a heavy flow.

Suffice to say, one incident in high school (thank goodness I went to an all-girls school!) was enough for me to be permanently paranoid that my fertility is on show for the world to see whenever I have my period.

So, you can trust me to be honest when it comes to the coverage that the various waste-free options have to offer.

I delved into the world of waste-free periods about two years ago (though being pregnant has effectively made my trial 9 months shorter) and have first-hand experience in 2 of the 3 products I am going to talk about today.

The first thing I tried was a menstrual cup. Friends had recommended it, and I was just starting to get really serious about waste so I thought I would give it a go.

Initially, I was very disappointed. It leaked out the sides well before it was full and I couldn’t figure out why. I also had a little bit of pain and had to take it out and replace it a few times to get the right position. After researching online and re-reading the instructions, I realised I wasn’t inserting it completely correctly.

The menstrual cup probably took me a good 4 cycles until I was confident that I was using it properly, and after that, I found it highly effective. However, there was still the aforementioned issue of paranoia, and the occasional tendency for it to fill up when I was not able to empty, clean and reinsert it (for example in the middle of teaching a class full of students).

So, I had replaced tampons with a menstrual cup but I still felt the need to wear panty liners or pads as an extra precaution, and sometimes they were necessary. Therefore the next step was to try washable pads.

I’m not one to judge you if the idea of a washable pad makes you baulk. Truth be told, it’s not the pleasantest thing to clean. However, for me, the issue of disposable pads going to landfill was more of a catastrophe than having to wash my blood off a cloth surface.

While it’s been long enough that I am struggling to remember the sensation of walking around with no protection other than a disposable pad, I think the feeling of doing the same but with a cloth pad is comparable. You still get a bit of wetness, which is why I far prefer the menstrual cup as the primary means of protection, but if you’ve relied only on disposable pads I suspect this will be a fairly similar experience.

Both of these – the menstrual cup and cloth pads – come with a higher initial cost than their disposable counterparts so for your first period you will spend far more than what you normally would. Menstrual cups go for about $50 and cloth pads range from about $12-$25 each, depending on the size and brand. I needed to spend about $300 on my set of cloth pads when I first started to make sure I wouldn’t run out.

However, given that in Australia tampons and pads are still subject to the GST (while condoms and lubricant are not), perhaps it’s better to pay for these ‘luxury items’ far less frequently by opting for the reusable products, rather than submitting yourself to the sexist GST month in, month out.

While ultimately neither of these products will last forever, the reduction in waste sent to landfill over the lifespan of them is dramatic, even if you look at just one woman’s use.

Although I’ve not yet got the first-hand experience for the newest item on the zero-waste period market – period-proof underwear – I have several friends who’ve recommended them, so I will definitely use these when I get my period back again, probably still in conjunction with the menstrual cup.

I’ll do a follow-up to discuss the merits of all three options again when I have the insider’s knowledge.

So, now that I have discussed the ins and outs of eliminating single-use products from menstruation (aside from the chocolate, of course), I’m curious. Have I convinced anyone to give it a go?

If you’re still not convinced, let me leave you with two final thoughts (and coincidentally they form the core philosophy of this blog.

1: Living better is about small steps that you are ready to take to improve the way you live and how that impacts on the environment. So don’t feel that you need to go all out straight away. I took my time to wean off of disposable feminine hygiene products.

2: Revisit your primary motivation for making small changes in your lifestyle. If you examine your motivation and, like me, find that reducing waste is more important to you than the potential ‘ick factor’, you might have to re-evaluate your choice!

Trust me, while it may be weird at first, it doesn’t take long to get used to a new way of dealing with menstruation. Humans are incredibly adaptable!

It’s been at least a year since I last used plastic wrap and I didn’t even notice

Glad wrap, alfoil and baking paper. In my own kitchen, it’s been at least a year since I needed to use any of these products.

When I first started recycling my soft plastics, I thought glad wrap couldn’t be included (it can, as long as it is dry), but I thought it would be too hard to stop using it.

However, while visiting a honey shop in Far North Queensland just after getting married, I decided it was time to try the alternatives and bought myself a starter pack of beeswax wraps.

Now is a good time to let any vegans know that there are vegan wraps available online as well. I think they mostly use candelilla and soy wax.

These ones are reasonably expensive to buy (whether beeswax or vegan), but fairly easy to make. You don’t even need to be able to sew.

To buy them – jump online to one of Australia’s many eco stores (Biome or Flora and Fauna are two of my favourites). To make them, cut up some cotton fabric to the right sizes (if you have pinking shears it will prevent fraying – if not, just be prepared to pull or cut off some threads every now and then) and get yourself some beeswax.

Place the cotton on a baking tray, sprinkle it with grated beeswax (or small pellets if you can buy it that way), and heat in the oven at a low temperature (85 degrees Celsius) for about 5 minutes or until the wax has melted. Be careful not to overheat and burn the wax.

Then, using a clean paintbrush (or, as it shall be hereafter known, your ‘beeswax’ paintbrush), spread the wax evenly over the fabric on both sides. Hang it up to dry and you’re done.

These wraps are very easy to take care of : because of the wax, you need to wash them in cool-warm water, not hot water, and use a mild soap.

For about 9 months, these wraps exclusively replaced my need for glad wrap. I just had mild dissatisfaction with their ability to cling to the sides of bowls when putting them into the fridge. But then I found something I like far better: Agreena.

Agreena is a silicone reusable wrap. Of course, being silicone and not cotton & natural wax, it’s not quite as good for the environment. However, if you like your wraps to be able to behave the same way as glad wrap, this is for you. They come in a pack of 4 with 2 set sizes – small and large. They are wobbly and stick to themselves, like glad wrap, so they can be a bit tricky, but they will stick themselves to bowls and cups.

So, the above has all been about replacing glad wrap, but what about alfoil or baking paper?

Because Agreena wraps are silicone, they can be used in the oven (no hotter than 220 degrees Celsius). I’ve just tested this for the first time baking an amazing earl grey sponge cake and lined my cake pan with the Agreena wraps instead of baking paper. As you might imagine, it didn’t give the neatest finish on the edges of the cake, but it was super easy to clean the cake off the wrap and it worked really well overall. However, for baking things that lie flat on a tray, I still prefer the thicker silicone baking mats, because they are big enough to cover a whole baking tray. I’ve been using the same one for about 3 years and, while there are some burn marks I can’t seem to get out, it’s still going strong. I have two more now so that I can make multiple things at once. I use these for everything from baking biscuits to roasting vegetables.

As for alfoil… personally I have just stopped using it altogether. The only time I ever really cooked with it was when I needed to cover a lasagne or something, and I’ve just stopped covering them. I don’t think it’s made much difference to the outcome.

Comment below if you have any other ideas on how to substitute for any of these items, or if there is a use that you can’t think of a substitute for.

To finish, I’d like to leave you with a table that shows my thoughts on the pros and cons of the various alternatives to glad wrap I mentioned in this post. Hooray for summarising information visually! Must be the teacher in me.

Beeswax wraps Vegan wax wraps Agreena silicone wraps
alternative to glad wrap

alternative to baking paper

easy to use

easy to clean

very mouldable/clingy

withstands high temperatures

can make yourself

The plastic bag war

The number of times I have juggled an armload of groceries to my car or stuffed items into my handbag and pockets is more a representation of my personal organisation than anything else. However, I refuse to accept plastic shopping bags, so I must live with the consequences of forgetting my reusable bags or doing an impromptu food shop on my way home with no spare bags in the car.

The first time I ever stuffed my pockets, a handbag and loaded the rest of my groceries straight back into the trolley was, believe it or not, at least 7 years before I gave up on plastic bags.

I was travelling in France with my boyfriend at the time and, while I can find no evidence that there was a plastic bag ban there in effect before 2016, for whatever reason, the supermarket we were shopping at had no plastic bags available. This event was well before I had even begun to think about my personal impact on the environment (and only a few months after becoming vegetarian), so my reaction to having to carry all my shopping without a bag was vastly different to how I react these days. I remember being quite miffed at the situation. Nevertheless, that day taught me that it is possible to shop without plastic bags.

Although I have just discovered that the majority of the ‘green’ bags you can purchase at the supermarket can be recycled in the REDcycle soft plastics program (see my last post for more info if you missed it!), when the commercial green bags I already have reach the end of their natural life span and get turned into furniture, I will use home-made cloth bags. For any handy sewers (that’s a funny homograph!) out there, I will be sure to post the instructions/pattern that I end up using, when I get up to making them.

So, there are a few things to mention when it comes to eliminating plastic bags from your regular food shop. I won’t be considering the ‘extra strong’ reuse-me-many-times plastic bags available at Coles and Woolworths (is that still called Safeway in the Eastern States?), as I don’t see it as much of an improvement as ultimately they won’t last as long as alternatives and end up causing problems in landfill anyway (though hopefully you are now going to recycle them instead).

Many people are already using the branded ‘green’ bags I mentioned earlier, and if that’s you, I encourage you to continue to do so until they are too broken to safely carry your goods. I have a mixture of these and cloth bags currently. I think the ideal way to buy groceries would be using string bags or home-made cloth bags (made from fabrics with natural fibres), as they are sure to last the longest and will break down most efficiently when they reach the end of their life span.  If this seems too tricky, especially if you walk to the supermarket, why not get a wheelie trolley? (I always wanted one!) Or, if you have cardboard boxes that would be about the right size, why not take them? Sure, you may get a few funny looks, but this will just mean more people will take notice and think about your motivations for what you’re doing.

Another thing I always do now is whenever someone offers me a plastic bag (or starts to put things in before I have even had a chance to brandish my alternative – this happens mostly in fashion stores) is make a comment other than just saying ‘no thanks’. It’s never rude, and even when someone forgets that I’ve just said to them ‘I’ll put that in my handbag/this bag please,’ I’m not rude. I simply say something like, ‘no bag, thanks. I don’t like using plastic bags.’

Usually, I get a neutral response (let’s face it, people working in retail have a lot of customers in one day), and some cashiers even say ‘well done,’ or something positive.

I think it’s just a little bonus to get someone else thinking about plastic bags. Who knows, maybe some of the people I’ve commented to have since changed their own habits?

The last thing (and probably the toughest challenge) I want to talk about when it comes to shopping plastic bag free is the fresh fruit and veg.

How nostalgic it is to think back to childhood when I would be so keen to get those little bags off the reel just for the joy of separating them at their perforated edges… and more recently, as an adult, the frustration of not being able to open the damned things in order to heap in my string beans, or whatever.

For items like sweet potatoes, pumpkins, garlic cloves and ginger knobs that are fairly tidy and that I usually only buy in ones or twos, I tend to leave them loose. Everything else goes in a bag – just not the ones the supermarket provide.

The best solution if you are handy with a sewing machine would be to make some mesh bags yourself. You may even be able to repurpose old netting or lace curtains to make them even more environmentally sound. Sew them into a pouch and attach some ribbon or fabric to tie them closed. Alternatively, there are a number of mesh produce bags available on the market now, and these work really well and are not that expensive. I think I paid about $20 for a pack of 12 Onya brand reusable produce bags and I’ve not yet needed to use them all in one shop. You’ll probably know how many you are likely to need.

The one disclaimer I need to make when it comes to using reusable produce bags is to be careful about then storing your items in the fridge. Please don’t use these bags to store your things in the fridge the way you may have done with the plastic bags. They are great for carrying but not as good for keeping things fresh. I only had to wash rotten string bean out of my bag once before finding an alternative method of storing my food once I got it home! (If you’re interested, my chosen method at the moment is the ‘Swag Bag’: a padded cloth bag that you dampen before filling with your veggies and putting it in the crisper.)

So, I hope you’ve found some new ideas to avoid plastic bags when shopping. Remember: try not to be embarrassed if you find yourself stuffing your pockets and handbag or reloading everything loose back into your trolley. The more people who see you doing it, the more likely you are to influence a positive change in someone else’s behaviour!


Live better.

The “Aha” moment that immediately halved my waste to landfill: recycling soft plastics

Recycling soft plastics. It’s not difficult, for many people it is not time-consuming, and it makes a huge difference to your personal or household waste to landfill.

Shortly after moving into my first non-sharehouse home, I discovered that my local supermarket collected soft plastics for recycling.

It was a moment that completely changed the way I deal with waste in my home.

This is going back four years now, and maybe I was late to the party then; I honestly have no idea how long the REDcycle program had been running already, but I feel it’s gained a lot of ground in the last 4 years so many of you are probably already recycling your soft plastics. Feel free to read on anyway! I learned a little more about what happens to it and how best to prepare the soft plastics for recycling by researching for this post, so you may find out something new.

However, if you are still putting glad wrap, snap lock bags, plastic bags, chip packets, frozen vegetable bags, bread bags, chocolate bar or icecream wrappers, bubble wrap, dry pet food bags, potting mix or compost bags, pasta or rice bags or similar items in your landfill, and you live in Australia, please, PLEASE go to to find your nearest soft plastics drop off location.

I don’t need to tell you what a huge difference it makes to eliminate these items from what goes to landfill.

What’s more, the soft plastics recycled by the REDcycle program end up being turned into furniture! And it all happens in Australia.

Because of the sheer amount of space that soft plastics take up, since recycling mine, I have reduced the amount of waste I send to landfill by more than half. Most weeks we don’t even need to put the landfill bin out for collection because there simply isn’t enough in there to fill it.

While it may seem like a hassle – and I have to admit, when I get lazy and my laundry is suddenly filled with bags of soft plastics, I sometimes bemoan my choice to do the right thing! – ultimately it is such a big win for the environment with such a small inconvenience to individuals, that it is hard to make excuses about this one if you live somewhere near a drop off location.

Smaller pieces of soft plastics can be collected inside a larger one – say your dog’s dryfood bag or an empty bag of potting mix, and then you can take this bag to the drop off location (usually a Coles or Woolworths and for some of you maybe even your normal supermarket), pop it in the bin and continue on with your day. REDcycle even specifically asks you not to wash out your soft plastics, so it’s pretty easy. Just empty as much product from it as you can and put it in dry. You can even recycle those really large bits of plastic that new furniture comes wrapped in. They just ask you to cut it to A3-sized pieces first.

Visit to read more about what can and cannot be recycled through this program, to see examples of the furniture produced from Australia’s recycled soft plastics and to find your nearest drop off location. There are currently 630 locations across Australia and they are expanding all the time so if there’s none near you yet, why not write to them to suggest expanding into your area!

This one small change will make a huge reduction in your household’s contributions to landfill. Just another easy step to living better!

Deodorant: going natural without the stink


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Some of us are blessed with a distinct lack of BO. Others, like me, seem cursed with it.

Today’s post will talk you through how to switch to a natural deodorant – without the worry that you will end up stinking out the car, bus, classroom, office or house.

Sorry if this is TMI for those of you who actually know me in person… but I have personally struggled with BO for a number of years. I would lace myself in deodorant and still find some days where I felt so self-conscious about my BO that I would have to keep my arms locked by my sides. Not to mention the effect it had on my clothes. Some of you may know what I’m talking about. If you don’t, consider yourself lucky.

Whether or not you have a BO issue, people are becoming increasingly concerned about some of the ingredients in commercial deodorants, as well as the impact that antiperspirants may be having on our bodies’ normal functions.

It won’t come as a shock that sweating is a normal and useful function of your body. So why are we obsessed with stopping it? Some people may be embarrassed by sweat patches (fair enough, it’s not a great look, I’ll agree), but for many it’s more the smell that accompanies the sweat that is the primary concern.

I had both concerns, and went so far as to order this insanely chemical-filled deodorant that promised no sweat just to wear at my wedding. (Yes, it worked, sort of, but the list of ingredients on that thing was downright scary.)

The primary function of sweat is to regulate the body’s temperature, but it is also one of the ways that the body can release toxins.

After the wedding, I decided to switch to natural deodorants and used a home-made recipe. I felt way better about the ingredients I was putting on my skin, as well as the lack of packaging. However, I still had issues with BO and concluded that the natural deodorant just was not enough to combat my smelly armpits.

Then one morning, quite by accident, I received an email newsletter from Hello Charlie (great online store, especially for kids’ stuff) about the ‘armpit detox’.

It has changed my life.

Maybe not so dramatically as I just put it, but I did the armpit detox 6 months ago, have had two top-ups and not a single day of BO since. We are now hitting peak summer and I am still odour-free and have not used a commercial deodorant since June. If you have any concerns about BO, please, please try the armpit detox.

So, what causes BO? It’s not the sweat itself that smells bad. BO actually results from bacteria that live on the skin breaking down the proteins found in sweat into acids. So – the key to reducing BO is actually to reduce the number of odour-producing bacteria that inhabit the armpits.

Obviously, the first step is to keep your armpits clean by washing them regularly. At this stage on my journey I’m still using commercial body washes and soaps but will gradually transition to home-made ones so keep an eye out for those posts later on. Some websites suggest that keeping your armpits de-haired also helps with controlling the environment, as it allows sweat to evaporate faster and thus the bacteria have less time to produce odours. But I’m not interested in advocating either way on the hair-removal issue. That’s a personal choice for each individual.

So – back to the armpit detox. It requires a 20-minute per day commitment for 7 days. It’s very easy, and the ingredients will cost you about $20.

There are two ingredients: Bentonite clay (I got mine from a health-food shop) and apple cider vinegar (from the supermarket if you don’t already use it for salad dressings or hair rinses).


DIY armpit detox

Mix about 3/4 tablespoon of bentonite clay with enough apple cider vinegar to make a paste that will spread and stay on your armpits. Then spread it on your armpits and leave it for 15 minutes. Finally, just like a facial mask, wash it off with warm water (or, like me, just hop in the shower and wash as normal).


Check out the full article on Hello Charlie if you want more information or an even lazier option (you can buy a pre-made armpit detox product):

The proportions I suggest are different from those in this article – purely because on my first attempt I diligently measured out the proportions and found the resultant paste crumbled off my skin onto the floor and then I had a big clean up job. So I preferred a slightly wetter paste that stayed on much better and worked a treat.

After doing this once a day for 7 days, I reverted back to my natural deodorant.

I have had only 2 days of slight BO since this (as compared with almost every day, and some days that were really bad, before doing the detox). Both days I did a once-off detox again as a refresher and have been odour-free for over 6 months.

I cannot recommend this highly enough.

I do think though, not that there’s much scientific evidence that I am aware of, that this needs to be paired with a natural deodorant. The above-linked article suggests that the commercial antiperspirant deodorants muck up the microbiome of bacteria living in our armpits and cause an imbalance in favour of the odour-producing bacteria. Personally, I don’t really want to go back down the commercial deodorant route just to test this out, but it seems logical to me.

So you may also want a recipe for the natural deodorant that I use. It originally came from a site called The Prairie Homestead (link:

Note this recipe is easier on a hot day, as your coconut oil will already be melted and therefore really easy to measure out and mix in. If your coconut oil is solidified, you will need to melt it first – try soaking the jar in hot water.

DIY natural deodorant:

Mix 1/4 cup bicarbonate of soda, 1/4 cup tapioca/arrowroot flour and 4 tablespoons of cornflour (make sure it’s actually corn, not wheat) in a bowl.

Add 1/3 cup coconut oil and mix.

If desired, add 5-10 drops of essential oils. Choices popular for their odour-reducing properties include peppermint, tea-tree and lemongrass, though I choose mine for the fragrance they give off. (I am currently getting through a batch with ylang ylang, bergamot and rose geranium. It smells divine and I even had a compliment from a friend about how good I smelt when I wasn’t wearing perfume.)

Pour or spoon (depending on the consistency) your deodorant into a jar or jars. Don’t over-fill containers as they will leak out the top. I had too much for the containers in my last batch and had the leftover in a small, uncovered dish sitting on my bathroom counter for a couple of weeks. It was fine.

To apply, use clean fingers to wipe the deodorant over your armpits and then wash your hands after. Easy peasy!


1 – you can experiment with the consistency of the deodorant by adjusting the amount of coconut oil or bicarbonate of soda you add.

2 – be careful with essential oils as in high concentrations they can irritate the skin. Don’t add more than 10 drops for this quantity of deodorant and if you aren’t sure about your reaction to a certain oil, you should dilute some in a carrier oil (even plain olive oil is fine) and test it on the inside of your wrist for a few days to check that your skin won’t react to it.

3 – Depending on the weather, the coconut oil will alter how liquid or powdery the deodorant is. I’ve found the product is just as effective when it is more powdery, but it is easier to apply when it’s a little melted. If it gets really hot, it’s possible the deodorant will separate out and need re-mixing.


I can’t recommend these highly enough, whether you have issues with BO or are just concerned about the long-term effects of ingredients in commercial deodorants. Or maybe, you are primarily concerned with the packaging of commercial deodorants. Regardless of your motivation to try this out, it’s a small commitment time wise, and will save you lots of money in the long run.

Let me know if you decide to try out the armpit detox and the natural deodorant!

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